However, criminalizing prostitution – or websites that facilitate sex work transactions – and driving them further underground is not necessarily seen as helpful in ending human trafficking. Trans women of color feel the effects of criminalization the most, whether we are sex workers or not. The police profile us and often lay prostitution charges based on clothes or condoms found in a purse. We cannot live our lives without fear of being targeted by the police. In Shrager`s book An Economist Walks Into A Brothel, she examined the financial workings of Nevada`s brothel industry. She found that, on average, hiring a sex worker in a Nevada brothel costs 300% more than in an illegal environment. Shrager thinks it`s because workers and customers prefer to pay for safety and health checks at a brothel. The Netherlands has thus succeeded in reducing the number of people at risk of forced prostitution and trafficking in human beings. The Netherlands imposes severe penalties on anyone who contributes to human trafficking, with up to 18 years in prison. Although this has not completely freed the country from forced prostitution, it has become much easier to regulate the illegal exploitation of minors. The Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs states that sex work can only be legally performed by people over the age of 21. Prostitution is not only guaranteed on the basis of social structure, but women`s decision to enter the sex industry is often not taken lightly. Poverty, homelessness, gender inequality and gender discrimination are issues that can lead women to become sex workers.
Poverty can be an important factor in forcing women into prostitution in order to survive. From an economic point of view, prostitution is considered logical because, depending on one`s qualifications and level of education, it can offer better livelihoods than would be possible with any other legal alternative. In collaboration with the London School of Economics, economist Axel Dreher of the University of Heidelberg analysed the relationship between human trafficking and prostitution laws in 150 countries. “If prostitution is legal, there is more human trafficking, simply because the market is bigger,” he says. Nevada only allows prostitution in licensed brothels that workers regularly test for sexually transmitted infections. While Love isn`t the first to observe that legal prostitution can be relatively safe, rural Nevada`s counties are the only place in America where the world`s oldest profession is officially licensed. Instead of forcing sex workers to run their businesses in unregulated black markets where their lives are in danger, all with the mislabeled purpose of “saving” women, take concrete steps to save women. Legalize prostitution, impose strict regulations, and put in place comprehensive support systems that allow sex workers to do their jobs safely. Economist Allison Schrager says the Internet has increased demand and supply. “Women who are in front of the internet (or men) who wouldn`t walk the streets or sign with a woman or an agency can now sell sex work, sometimes even on the side, to supplement other sources of income,” she says. There will always be lonely or kinky men in America who will pay for sex, and there will always be women willing to rent their bodies.
As anthropologist Patty Kelly wrote in the Los Angeles Times, prostitution has become “a part of our culture” in the United States. “But what if it was your daughter? Surely you don`t want your child to do sex work. The United Nations Development Programme`s report on sex work in Asia and the Pacific highlighted why it is problematic when sex workers do not have legal rights. Critics of the decriminalization of prostitution often point to the increase in reports of human trafficking in countries that have legalized prostitution, such as Germany. However, it is entirely possible that this is because people have finally started to see human trafficking and report it in greater numbers. In addition, a Harvard study on the subject noted that “the likely negative impact of legalized prostitution on the influx of human trafficking into a country could help those advocating for the prohibition of prostitution, thereby reducing the flow of human trafficking. However, such reasoning overlooks the potential benefits that legalizing prostitution could have for workers in the industry. Legalization eliminates criminal penalties for certain cases of buying and selling sexual acts, i.e. prostitution, provided that participants comply with the relevant regulations. Scott Cunningham, an economist at Baylor University, and colleagues found that sex trafficking had increased during those years.
But Cunningham points to other important findings: During that period, the number of rapes reported to state police fell by more than a third. And gonorrhea in all women decreased by 39%. Of course, changes to prostitution laws may not be the only cause, but Cunningham says, “The trade-off is that if you make it safer to some extent, you build the industry.” So what happens when you take this massive underground economy and decriminalize it? Nevada could give a clue. Brothels are legal in some counties. Former sex worker Cecilia Gentili says she could have been released much sooner if she hadn`t faced legal consequences. She left her native Argentina because she was brutally harassed by the police in her small town. She thought she would be better off when she moved to New York, but as an undocumented transgender immigrant, she says, she had few options. You may or may not agree with me that I am right not to want a girl to enter these professions.
The fact remains that, no matter how I feel about her, my future daughter has every right to persecute her. Decriminalisation or decriminalisation is the legal reclassification of certain acts or aspects thereof that are no longer considered a criminal offence, including the lifting of criminal sanctions concerning them.