The judiciary is the system of courts that adjudicates disputes and legal matters. For example, in Class VII, you looked at the worker who was injured. As several hospitals refused to admit, his condition had deteriorated. He filed his complaint with the Supreme Court. The judges ruled that Article 21 confers on every human being the “right to life”, which is a fundamental right. It is also about the “right to health”. In addition, he ordered the Government of West Bengal to pay the amount of compensation to the worker. He also called on the government to create a primary health care plan where patients can be treated directly in an emergency. [Pashim Banga Khet Mazdoor Samity v.
State of West Bengal (1996)] The first high courts were established by the British in 1862 under the presidencies of Madras, Calcutta and Bombay. The Delhi High Court was established in 1966. Currently, India has 25 HC. While several states have their own HC. The states of Punjab and Haryana have a common Supreme Court in Chandigarh. Northeastern states such as Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland have a common HC in Guwahati. Telangana (Hyderabad) and Andhra Pradesh (Amravati) have separate HCs as of 1 January 2019. For better accessibility, only a few HCs have their benches in different cities. For example, Maharashtra HC has its bank in Nagpur outside Mumbai.
Similarly, the Gauhati High Court represents states such as Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram alongside the state of Assam. According to Class 8 justice, there are three different levels of courts in our country: According to the principle, every Indian citizen has the right to access the court. It simply means that everyone has the right to justice in court. It has already been explained how the courts play an important role in protecting citizens` fundamental rights. If a person finds that his or her right is being violated in any way, he or she can go to court at any level to seek justice. Every citizen has the right to seek justice from the Indian courts. All Indian citizens have access to the courts. If you read a newspaper, you will come across some articles that mention the work of the courts in our country. These courts are necessary to uphold the “rule of law.” All people are equal in the eyes of the law, and if they violate the law, a certain set of fixed procedures must be followed. To enforce these rules, India has its own judicial system. In this system, there is a court mechanism that people can turn to when faced with cases where laws are broken. There are three different levels of dishes in India.
In civil matters, the claim must be brought only by the person concerned before the competent court. Grade 8 Civic Education in Social Studies, Chapter 5, Justice will help students find answers to questions such as What do you mean by an independent judiciary? Or why do we need an independent judiciary? Each state of India is divided into different districts. The courts of these districts are presided over by the district judges. The judiciary is the system of interconnected courts that administer justice on behalf of the State. It is the mechanism for settling disputes and punishing the guilty. There are three different levels of dishes in our country: 1. The courts with which most people interact are so-called subordinate or district courts, which are usually located at the district or tehsil level or in cities and hear many types of cases. 2.
Each state shall be divided into several districts headed by a district judge. Each state has a High Court, which is the highest court of that state.3. At the top is the Supreme Court, located in New Delhi and headed by the Chief Justice of India. The decisions of the Supreme Court are binding on all Indian courts. The judiciary is the system of courts that declares, defends and applies the law in legal matters. The work of the judiciary is divided into three categories: The different levels of justice in India are interconnected. The judicial system is integrated in our country. This means that the decisions of the higher courts are also binding on the lower courts. Another way to understand this characteristic is the appeal system that still exists in our country.
This means that a citizen has the right to appeal to a higher court if he considers that the decision of the lower court is not justified. The “separation of powers” is one aspect of this independence. This means that the two branches of government, the executive and the legislative, should not interfere in the work and decisions of the judiciary. Indian courts do not operate on behalf of or under the control of the Indian government. Answer: Every citizen of India has the right to justice through the courts. However, access to justice is still difficult for a large majority of the poor in India, as it requires a lot of money, paperwork and time. The decision of a higher court is bound by the lower courts. The courts are not subordinate to the government.
An independent functioning ensures that no power is abused by the executive or legislative branches. The judges of the Supreme Court and the Supreme Court are appointed by the President of India after consultation with the Governor of the State concerned and the Chief Justice. Answer. A large majority of poor citizens in India have struggled to access the courts. The poor, who are both financially weak and illiterate, find it difficult to go to justice if their human rights have been violated in any way. It was in the 1980s that the Supreme Court introduced the PIL, or Public Interest Litigation, mechanism, which allows the poor and illiterate to obtain justice.